"As people start to recover, they still need information"
Alfredo Padernos, 44 years old
Barangay Apitong, Tacloban City, Leyte
Read My Story
Typhoon Haiyan tore through the Philippines in November 2013, killing thousands and leaving over 300,000 people homeless. To coordinate basic services in evacuation centres, IOM provided data on hundreds of displacement sites to partners on the ground through its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), an information management tool that tracks the locations and needs of displaced people.
The Organization shared this data with government and humanitarian partners, and also with SAS, an American visual analytics company in a pro-bono pilot project.
SAS DATA DASHBOARD
Data Dashboard Click Here
On 8th November 2013, super-typhoon Haiyan swept from east to west through the islands of the Visayas region, making landfall six times and causing massive death and destruction in the towns and surrounding areas of Guiuan, Tacloban, Ormoc and Roxas. Over six thousand people lost their lives and more than four million were left homeless.
Guiuan, on Samar Island, was the first to feel the force of the storm, in the early hours of the morning. The damage to houses and infrastructure was catastrophic, though a well-managed evacuation plan kept the casualty rate low.
Tacloban, the seat of government of the Eastern Visayas region, was engulfed by a wall of water, an unexpectedly strong storm surge reaching up to five meters in height and travelling at great speed up to a kilometre in land. The majority of deaths occurred there, with large parts of the seafront completely submerged.
While attention focused on Tacloban, the port city of Ormoc on the west coast of Leyte was left inaccessible for days. There too, ninety per cent of structures were damaged leaving thousands homeless.
By noon, the typhoon reached Roxas City, on the western island of Panay, before heading out across the South China Sea. The smaller islands surrounding Panay were particularly badly hit, with aid struggling to reach remote communities.
In the immediate aftermath, stunned survivors sheltered in evacuation centres scattered throughout the region. Some people returned to damaged homes, others were given temporary shelter in tents, and many fled the area for other parts of the Philippines.
Six months on, these typhoon-ravaged places are looking like functioning towns again. But go down to the seafront in Tacloban, or the countryside around Guiuan still strewn with tens of thousands of fallen coconut trees, and the scale of the challenge ahead is clear.
People who survived the storm are rebuilding their lives as best they can. The stories that follow on these pages tell a tale of human strength and courage in the face of adversity.
As of April 2014
Visit the CCCM cluster website
Over 5,000 families are still living in more than 60 displacement sites (evacuation centres, tent cities, spontaneous settlements and transitional sites) throughout the affected regions.
As co-lead in the global CCCM cluster, IOM works with the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) to ensure that these sites are adequately managed, services are well coordinated and that internally displaced persons (IDPs) are kept informed of ongoing aid and recovery activities.
IOM deploys mobile camp management support staff and provides training on camp management, Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and gender sensitivity to DSWD staff and camp volunteers from various civic organizations, NGOs, universities, faith-based and private sector groups.
Camp management staff use the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), developed by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) and IOM, to gather information about needs among populations across the different sites.
Visit the Shelter Cluster website
Typhoon Haiyan severely damaged or destroyed approximately 1.1 million homes, impacting an estimated 4.5 million people.
In the first few weeks of the emergency response, IOM concentrated on providing emergency shelter kits and other core relief items such as blankets, solar lamps and hygiene kits. The focus is now steadily shifting towards support for self-recovery and the provision of more durable shelter materials, combined with trainings on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and how to build back safer. Distributions are ongoing until December 2014.
Shelter DRR trainings have been carried out in a total of 200 Barangays, reaching nearly 25,000 households thus far.
Following Typhoon Haiyan, lack of information has been cited as one of the primary concerns among displaced populations. IOM’s Communications with Communities (CwC) programme focuses on providing affected communities with critical information about the emergency response and empowering them to have a voice in assessing the appropriateness and effectiveness of aid received.
In Haiyan-affected areas, IOM partners with local media outlets to produce weekly live radio interviews, FAQ flyers and banners (based on focus group discussions), print media, a radio drama series and key message songs on issues related to safer shelter, health, and protection among others.
IOM also uses ‘Community Response Map’, an online platform for engaging in two-way communications with crisis-affected communities. Community Response Map increases accountability by using radio and media to start conversations, encouraging responses via calls/SMS and informing the humanitarian community about emerging concerns of the affected population.